Periodontal (gum) Disease is an infection that destroys the tissue surrounding and supporting the teeth. An estimated 67 million people, nearly on in three adults in the U.S. suffer from some degree of periodontal disease.
FACTOID: “periodontal infections are the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
Often, this disease can be present and cause severe damage without the slightest discomfort. A person can lose all of their teeth to periodontal disease and not have any tooth decay! The common cold is the only disease that plagues mankind more frequently than periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease begins as gingivitis, a gum inflammation that has not yet advanced around the base of the tooth to the level of supportive bone. It can progress silently with growing colonies of toxin-producing bacteria known as plaque. Redness and bleeding also accompany the scenario. Calculus, the hard deposit know as tarter, forms on the teeth above and below the gum line.
The lack of thorough, daily brushing and flossing, results in an accumulation of plaque and calculus that brings the bacterial toxins which inflame the area infected.
DANGER ZONE: Swelling, redness and bleeding then progress into the deeper tooth supporting tissues resulting in permanent gum and bone damage.
Professional treatment, son-surgical, surgical or a combination is often necessary to remove the afflicted tissue and toxic by products. Without this intervention, the bacteria will eventually destroy enough bone for the tooth to become loose.
Scientific research has discovered a direct relationship between periodontal disease and other serious health conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, respiratory disease, stomach ulcers, and pre-term, low-birth-weight babies.
Genetic makeup , smoking, stress, hormone changes, and various prescription medicines also put people at risk for gum and bone disease. It is common sense that when prolific oral bacteria are inhaled, ingested, or fall into the bloodstream that serious general health consequences rise.
Early detection and appropriate treatment is the key to halting the disease progression. Controlling the disease requires a long-term commitment from the patient as well as an educated, daily hygiene regimen following elimination of all sources of the bacteria which causes the disease in the first place.